China to Canada to Study and Tour
Canadian Embassy and Consulates in China
Beijing - Embassy of Canada
Shanghai - Consulate General of Canada
Hong Kong - Consulate General of Canada
Chongqing - Consulate Of Canada
Guangzhou - Consulate General of Canada
Chinese Embassy and Consulates in Canada
Embassy of the People's Republic of China
Chinese in Canada
Immigration by the Chinese to Canada can be divided into two periods. The first period covers sixty-five years from the earliest arrivals in 1858 to the passage of the Chinese Immigration Act in 1923. The years after World War II constitute the second period. During this era the immigration laws against the Chinese were repealed, and they re-gained their civil rights and status in Canada.
Chinese immigration to Canada began in 1858. This initial migration was in response to the discovery of gold in the Fraser valley of British Columbia. Many of the first Chinese migrants came from California. The Chinese miners were attracted to the new opportunities in Canada. During 1860s and 1870s, many Chinese came as independent miners and workers; others were recruited as contract or indentured labourers.
Large-scale Chinese immigration began when the western section of the Canadian Pacific Railway was constructed. Over eleven thousand Chinese arrived in Victoria by ship in 1881 and 1882 alone.
Between 1956 and 1967, a total of 30,564 Chinese immigrants came to Canada, many as part of a family unit. In 1967 Canada adopted a universal point system for assessing potential immigrants. These changes brought record levels of immigrants to Canada. Between 1968 and 1984, 170,720 Chinese are estimated to have entered the country from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. In the next seven years, another 176,197 individuals came from these areas; they made up about 16 percent of the total immigration for the period. By 1991 an estimated 388,651 Chinese had immigrated to Canada.
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