English Language Grammar Lessons
Introduction to Verb Tenses, Verbals and Conditionals
Verb TensesSimple present
I study English everyday.Simple past [verb + ed]
Two years ago, I studied English in Canada.Simple future
1. [am/is/are] + [going to] + [verb]
I am studying English now.Past continuous [was /were] + [verb + ing]
I was studying English when you called this morning.Future continuous
1. [will be] + [verb + ing]
I have studied English in several Canadian cities.Past perfect [had] + [past participle]
I had studied English before I moved to Canada.Future perfect
1. [will have] + [past participle]
I have been studying English for two years.Past perfect continuous [had been] + [verb + ing]
I had been studying English for two years before I moved to Canada.Future perfect continuous
1. [will have been] + [verb + ing]
Participle or verbal adjectives are words with a value of an adjective and a verb.
Gerunds or verbal nouns have the value of a noun and a verb. They usually end with the "ing" ending.
Infinitives act like gerunds . They have the value of a noun and a verb. Verb forms "to see, to study" are infinitives, can be a subject of a verb, object of a verb, or a subjective completion, take an object or have an adverbial modifier.
Modal Verbs are irregular verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs.
Conditionals - Formats for Specific Purposes
A conditional format is used when the writer expresses an action or an idea that is dependent on a condition, on something that is only imagined in the present, in the past or the future.
Present Real Conditional
Present Unreal Conditional
Past Real Conditional
Past Unreal Conditional
Future Real Conditional
Future Unreal Conditional
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